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Announcement of Times Museum’s 2021 Programs

Sep 06, 2021

IT IS TIME TO CHANGE THE CONVERSATION

It is time to change the conversation. The past had better be large and demand little. The future had better come closer. Let’s enlarge the present and the space of the world. Let’s move on. Let’s travel with crude maps. Between theory and action there may be correspondence, but there is no sequence. We will not necessarily reach the same place, and many of us will not even reach any recognizable place, but we share the same starting point, and that’s enough. We are not all headed to the same address, but we believe we can walk together for a very long time. A few of us speak colonial languages; the large majority of us speak other languages. Since only a small number of us have voice, we resort to ventriloquists, whom we call rearguard intellectuals, because they go on doing what they have always done well: looking back. But they have now received a new mission from us: to care for those of us who lag behind and bring them back into the fight and to identify whoever keeps betraying us at the back and help us find out why.

Boaventura de Sousa Santos, Manifesto for Good Living / Buen Vivir

Candice Lin: Pigs and Poison

March 13 to May 16, 2021
Curator: Nikita Yingqian Cai

Candice Lin, In my memory, it is raining inside my father’s house (Solaris), 2020

Pigs and Poison is a comprehensive survey of Candice Lin’s recent projects, including a group of new works focused on the history of southern migration and the spread of viruses. These new works demonstrate how Chinese migrants were incorporated as cheap free labor in the emergent global market of the 19th century, and were involved in the cultivation and distribution networks of tobacco, sugar cane, poppy, and fungi. Long devoted to the study of material connections between human histories and various inhuman life-forms, the artist pays particular attention to how racial rhetoric shapes our understandings of infectious diseases, living organisms, and sensory perceptions. Candice Lin will examine British colonialism and American imperialism with the focal points of labor migration, border control, virus contamination and containment, and other global issues rooted in colonial modernity yet closely related to our present urgency. The exhibition will make use of virtual reality technologies, sculptures, textiles, paintings, and large-scale kinetic installations to recontextualize the speculative shadows of marginalized histories.

The new works in Candice Lin: Pigs and Poison are jointly commissioned by the Times Museum, Govett-Brewster Art Gallery, and Spike Island. The first stop of the exhibition opened in New Plymouth, New Zealand in August 2020. After its second stop in Guangzhou, the exhibition will tour to its third stop in Bristol, England. 

*This exhibition was originally programmed for 2020, and was postponed to 2021 due to the COVID-19 pandemic. 

Uselessness as Usage
Operation Delta #3: Architects in Action

June 12 to August 8, 2021
Participants: Atelier Bow-Wow (JP), Didier Fiuza Faustino (FR), O Office (China)
Curator: Hou Hanru
Assistant Curator and Researcher: Zhou Zheng, Liang Jianhua

©Graziella Antonini

Ever since the Pearl River Delta was intergrated into globalization, it has set off waves of rapid urbanization and lifestyle transformations. The Guangdong Times Museum is an institutional invention born in such context. In terms of architecture and urban planning, this expansion process of the city took on stunning speed and creativity, essentially lending to practical results that often appear random. After more than a decade of growth and experimentation, now is the time to explore and apprehend the significance of this unique historical change. The present is also a critical moment to envision what comes next, which allows us to imagine other forms of experiments: to open up a kind of possibility for the “impractical,” ideas and practices of the “useless.” In light of this, we invite three groups of architects from France, Japan, and Guangzhou—all of whom will jointly initiate a design-related project in the Pearl River Delta. It will be an on-going exhibition that would eventually provoke new modes of communication, dialogical behavior, and socio-cultural grouping, and will open up a new platform to further expand the museum’s mission as an active agency of community public life.

*This exhibition was originally programmed for 2020, and was postponed to 2021 due to the COVID-19 pandemic. 

Xiaopeng (tentative title)

September 4 to October 31, 2021
Curator: Anthony Yung

Huang Xiaopeng, Never before Have I Met Anyone with as Many Problems as You, 2003

Huang Xiaopeng, a Chaozhou native, entered the Guangzhou Academy of Fine Arts in 1978 and was an honors student. Due to his penchant for drinking, smoking, growing long hair, and listening to rock music, he was reputed to be one of the biggest “slackers” in art school. In the 1990s, Xiaopeng moved to England and obtained a master’s degree from the Slade School of Fine Arts, University of London. He devoted himself entirely to creating art but never became a professional artist. In 2003, Xiaopeng returned to Guangzhou and garnered an invitation to teach at his alma mater. From 2005 to 2012, he presided over the Fifth Studio in the Oil Paintings department of GAFA and became the first few pioneers to experiment with contemporary pedagogy inside the institutional setting of arts academy in China. On October 6, 2020, Xiaopeng suddenly died of a heart attack in Berlin at the age of 60.

Huang Xiaopeng is an outstanding figure of his era. The exhibition will be composed of two main, horizontal and vertical, axes. The vertical one combs through Xiaopeng’s works and manuscripts to outline his artistic trajectory defined by his seminal ideas about life and arts, spanning from his early oil paintings, to installations in the 1990s, and culminating at the pluralistic forms created after his 2003 return to China. The horizontal axis specifically elaborates on the pedagogical experiments conducted in the Fifth Studio, which embodies Xiaopeng’s lifelong idealism and yearning for freedom. His lived experience in the Fifth Studio epitomizes such spirit under the constraints of current social situations, and the exhibition will invite former students of the Fifth Studio to participate in its conception and realization. 

One song is very much like another, and the boat is always from afar
November 27, 2021 to January 23, 2022
Curator: Nikita Yingqian Cai

Adrián Melis, Glories of a Forgotten Future, 2015

Either being the translational cultural elites or exiles or the migrant laborers exploited by colonial trade and globalization in the long 20th century, people can always find their life trajectory and cultural identity mirrored in songs and rhythms. The world of music is a world of negotiation, participation, and sharing. As dual vehicles of belonging and mobility, music has never been a cultural form that is immune to political and historical changes. The global domain it constitutes is not merely the result of technological modernization and consumerism but also that of memories and concepts overlay the mutual appropriations of divergent ideas and cultural influences. With changes in sampling, recording, and broadcasting techniques, the production and circulation of music has increasingly become a mediated, discrete experience divorced from authenticity. Through the fusion of technology, sound and image, solidified spatial differences are compressed into the temporal flow of sonic infrastructure and, in turn, integrated into cross-regional and translingual social processes.

One song is very much like another, and the boat is always from afar will use the flow of music and spatial memory as threads that weave together a chart of constellations that includes playlists and research scenarios created by artists and curators, anthropologists and cultural scholars, musicians, and bar owners, filmmakers and members of the contemporary gentry/literati. They tune into the multiple identities and dynamic processes carried by music to present a decentralized communication network, a map not necessarily consistent with geographical and national borders, a kind of cosmopolitanism that flees from printed media or textual documentation. 

Tsk-Tsk in the Streets (tentative title)

March to May 2022 (specific opening dates to be determined)
Research/Curatorial Group: Li Xiaotian, Liang JianhuaLu Chuan

In the 1990s, the coastal city of Yangjiang in Guangdong was engulfed in a socio-economic transition where the new supplanted the old, and chaos coexisted alongside opportunities. The new order brought about by the modernization process drastically transformed daily life. “Yangjiang Youth” and their friends forged self-sufficiency when local cultural resources were relatively scarce. They raised the necessary funds to found design firms, bookstores, galleries and studios. They wandered around residential neighborhoods, streets, construction sites, and entertainment venues. The boundaries between living and working, creating and entertaining were completely blurred. This resulted in tight-knit creative communities and spaces that rely on each other to connect to the outside world. 

Straying from the usual trajectory of development, these practices have not turned toward the direction of professionalizing. Instead, they have retained a freeform posture of gameplay, firmly embedded in the street life of Yangjiang, deploying guerrilla tactics to occupy the spaces between individuals and the public, and finding alternative responses to expectations of the future. 

The exhibition intends to be a researched exposition of the artistic practices and self-organizing that took place in Yangjiang and its surroundings from the 1990s to the beginning of the millennium. These gestures provide a contrast to the gradual fissures of today and showcase their energetic embrace of critical practice in social situations as well as their spirit of sourcing provocative power from mutual aid, forming a certain guide to action that corresponds to common positions.

The Yangjiang Youth Research Project was initiated by Huangbian Station in August 2017 and later jointly supported by the Times Museum. 

Maritime Portal Residency

All the Way South X As you go…roads under your feet, towards the new future

In order to foster a knowledge field that intervenes within the conundrum of globalization, and to pursue connectivity across oceans and borders, we are pleased to announce the Maritime Portal Residency, as a collaborative initiative of All the Way South x As you go…roads under your feet, towards the new future. It bridges many understandings of the south that only overlap partially with the geographical South and engages the histories and realities emerged from long lines of maritime mapping and entanglement. We are looking for artists, researchers, or cultural practitioners living in southern port cities or regions, to work remotely and digitally to explore alternative maritime historiographies and cartographies from various locales. We encourage mediatized readings, articulations and documentations that sink the abstracted mode of globalization into different forms of embodiment, be it foods and textiles, sounds and architectures, folk rituals and myths. The selected applicants will receive a research fee of 15000 RMB funded by Times Museum and present their thought processes on the digital platforms of “On Our Times” and “As you go…”.

Para-curatorial and Rolling Congee

In 2020, para-curatorial has become a paratactic mode of thinking and working, which connects the curated events of symposium and online publishing with pop-up modules of hidden curriculum and minor inquiry. In 2021, Para-curatorial will unfold new formats of online or offline presentation, and inquire into the constellation and knowledge network of All the Way South. Please stay tune to our organic thoughts and conversations on the Rolling Congee, and follow us for the latest updates on BiliBili and Apple Podcasts!

People’s Park

“People’s Park” is due to wrap up the renovation works and re-open to the public with a new look in early 2021. As a new form of autonomous interactive space, neighborhood center and extension of streets, “People’s Park” is an integration of open-call based experimentation in small spaces and a platform for multi-functional displays, community exchanges, public discussions and community practices. Museum visitors and community members are encouraged to “occupy” this space and to collectively develop rules of use that shape the museum’s relationship with the public and the community.

Urban Lab

Curator: Luya Yang Liu

From the Pearl River Delta to the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area, South China remains a highly anticipated testing field. From a cluster of ancestral villages to home to the City of Design, Huangbian continues to break down boundaries in the course of urban planning and development. In China’s contemporary urbanization, development of new towns, upgrading of old ones, and rejuvenation of rural areas are the most common themes. Planning, construction, transportation, environment, communities, and individuals are all intertwined, shaping the most commonly seen landscape alternations and queries on ordinary people’s living conditions in the context of high-speed urbanization. The 2021 “Urban Lab” project looks to kick off interactive experiments among artists of various expertise and physical experiences, and incorporate human alienation and co-existence in the key factors of urban development and imagination. Through art, it also sets to bring the discovery and thinking of city-human relation back to the level of everyday life.

Greater Bay Area Keywords

Over the past few decades, with the development of technology and its high industrialization, we have arrived today to a globalized and universal imagination toward technology: in the context of urbanization, it was once called the “generic city”; in art, the contemporary art market. As the driving force for various industries, technology has gradually replaced geography with efficiency and speed, while sacrificing various practices and imaginations. The Times Museum’s Media Lab develops around the diversity and locality of technology, positioning the “Great Bay Area” as the subject of research and site for imagination. It focuses on the relationships in between technology, social reformation, and social transformation, as well as the forms of control under technology. Through research and exhibition, we aim to advance various topics under the digital environment, including virtual reality, digital community, economic model, innovation, environmental ecology, ethics, media, science fiction, art, etc. The project will be released consecutively in the middle of 2021 via digital publication, commissioned creations, etc.

Digital Future

In the past few decades, the established museum system that relies on globalization is facing systematic transformations, from curation, exhibition production, and display, to collections, space, and architecture. Even staff composition is reviewed. From art to the everyday, how to imagine and tackle with the digital future? “Digital Future”, initiated by the Media Lab, is a long-term project that orients toward technology and art experiments in the foreseeable years. The project promotes continuous observation and discussion through podcasts, residencies, and workshops. Find more about the lab’s bimonthly podcast “Neo-Portal” on platforms such as Apple Podcast, Himalaya, and Xiao Yuzhou. Stay tuned for our upcoming residency and workshop series.

On Our Times – Digital Publication

Chief Editors: Nikita Yingqian Cai, Jianru Wu
Contributing Editor: Mia Yu
Contributing English Editor: Andrew Maerkle
Assistant Editor: Yujia Bian

The #2 issue of On Our Times “Constellation of Intimacies” focuses on pan-Asian exchange of images, bodies, and thoughts. These focuses trace back to the pre-colonial era, intertwining with nonconcurring movements and thoughts emerged during the Pacific War, the 20th-century nationalism, and modernist movements. The launch and related events will be released in January, 2021, stay tuned to us.

Contributors of the journal may unfold their thoughts around the constitution or fiction of intimacy in three tropes: “Inter-Asia Intimacies” critically interrogates the social network and cultural worlds emerged from the transformation of Asia in negotiation with the postwar and postcolonial scheme; “Storytellers on the Road” gives literati voices to subjects of opacity and thoughts of dislocation that challenge the regionality and fixed identity of Asia; “Artistic Fabulation” accommodates expressions in incubating forms such as scripts, field notes, visual essays, sonic samples, concepts or works-in-progress, which explore the technological potential of the digital platform.

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In Memory of Huang Xiaopeng

Oct 08, 2020

It is with profound sadness and the deepest condolences that we learned about the passing of artist Huang Xiaopeng in Berlin on October 7, 2020.

Huang Xiaopeng (born 1960 in Shanxi) was a renowned contemporary artist and art educator. Huang obtained his MA from the Slade School of Fine Art of the University College London in 1992 and was a professor at South China Normal University and a university fellow at Hong Kong Baptist University. He founded the HB Station (Contemporary Art Research Centre) in Guangzhou, and was the head of the fifth studio of Guangzhou Academy of Fine Arts between 2003 and 2012. His video and public installation works explore the problem of (mis)translation arising from cultural copy-transformation in the course of modernization; they also look into how we project others in (dis)location, and how such projection relates to the dilemma of globalization. Besides, his works push the relationship between language and everyday images to its limits to challenge the boundaries of meanings and, ultimately, the ‘correctness’ of our daily experiences. 

Huang Xiaopeng

Before his unexpected death, Huang Xiaopeng had been working closely with Times Art Center Berlin to plan for a new collaborative project, entitled FEAR, NO FEAR, to take place from January to May 2021. Initiated by Huang Xiaopeng, co-curated by Dorothee Albrecht, Antje Majewski, and Stefan Rummel, the project intends to present a prism of new perspectives on fear in our current era. It plans to unfold in three chapters and brings together artists of diverse international backgrounds, primarily from Berlin and Guangzhou. 

Huang Xiaopeng’s death is a tragic loss not only for his family, friends, and students but also for his colleagues and the art scene, which have been enormously influenced by him over the past decades.


Hou Hanru, Huang Xiaopeng’s lifelong friend and the artistic director of MAXXI – National Museum of 21st Century Art, wrote the following article in memory of Xiaopeng.

Xiaopeng, K.O.H.D.

Hou Hanru

Unexpectedly, Xiaopeng has – as the title of one of his works K.O.H.D. reads – knocked on Heaven’s door and left us without saying goodbye last night. Words like “shock” and “grief” are not enough to describe our feelings at this moment. We are simply speechless.

Xiaopeng wandered about in the world throughout his entire life, and made himself at home wherever he was despite all odds. From Shantou to Guangzhou, from Hong Kong to London, he eventually almost settled down in Berlin. He had formed a family, but then had to restart from zero. Wherever he was, he was always trying to make a living in a sort of transitional state, to deal with different languages and all sorts of cultural differences, working hard to find a place where he could settle down, while at the same time being in the process of constant translations. It was this eternal seeking that gave him the exciting and elusive inspiration to tackle the most important problem in life, and this problem was art. His favorite line was “Art is a problem”. He concluded that the best way to solve the problem was to translate back and forth between languages, until the original meaning was completely lost, thus allowing the possibility of “fresh new meanings” to emerge. Rock n’ roll music video tapes and Google Translate’s “ability to create” provided him with the best materials and tools. Ultimately, through a post-Duchampian trick, he could “deconstruct these texts, and re-encode the time and space, resulting in mutual redefinition, constant accumulation and extension, so that these different contexts under the independent and unrelated elements collide with each other, and finally expand into the fragments of a whole, ending up being trapped in a language gap and lost in the infinite transmission of meanings. When translations all become political statements, Chinese and Western love songs will completely lose their original meanings in the new context, just like poetry in our age of absurdity.”[1]All of Xiaopeng’s works consisted of transforming “Far East” to “法·伊斯特” (Fa-Yi-Si-Te, the phonetic translation in Chinese and “Far West” to “法·威斯特” (Fa-Wei-Si-Te). In a post-colonial, global and AI-dominated “age of absurdity” that only generates more absurdities, we are eternally doomed in this “contemporary utopia” and are falling into an ever-deeper abyss. And in this abyss, fear of fear has lost its meaning, we can only “climb the mountain together, with each doing his or her best.”[2] Thus, when he was looking for the Chinese title for the exhibition he was curating in Berlin, he came up with “畏無所畏” (Fear No Fear)[3]. I believe that he feared no fear when he unintentionally knocked on Heaven’s door last night. 



Rome, October 7th, 2020, 4 pm.

[1] Huang Xiaopeng, K.O.H.D. (From Far East to Far West), in Hou Hanru and Xi Bei eds., The D-Tale, Video Art from the Pearl River Delta, Times Art Center Berlin, Sternberg Press, 2018, p. 244.

[2] Xiaopeng’s renowned and innovative teaching not only encouraged young artists to practice bravely, but also enabled them to face up to this absurd world freely and to fight to make a living through imagination and creativity.

[3] In my last conversation with Xiaopeng in Wechat (on October 2), he wrote, “The Chinese title of this project, ‘問你驚未’ doesn’t seem to convey the meaning of ‘Fear, No Fear’, isn’t ‘畏無所畏’ better?”


小鵬,敲叩天門

侯瀚如

小鵬昨晚意外地,就像他一件作品的題目所說的,“敲叩天門”,不辭而別。此時我們的心情,用震驚和悲痛來形容,已經不足夠了。無語!

小鵬一世人闖蕩世界,四海為家,歷經滄桑。他從汕頭到廣州,從香港到倫敦,最後幾乎落戶柏林。他成家立業後又重頭再來。無論身在何處,他總是在某種過渡狀態中討生活。他時刻都要面對種種不同語言和語言背後的種種文化差異,在語言的互相翻譯中努力地尋求安身之處。正是這種永遠的索求給予了他回答生命中最重要的問題提供了既令人興奮又飄忽不定的靈感。而這個問題就是藝術。用他鍾愛的說法:藝術是個問題。他斷定,解決問題的最理想的辦法就是把種種語言翻來覆去地傳譯轉換,直到原意盡失,而露出“新意盎然”的可能性。搖滾樂MTV錄像帶和Google Translate 的“創造能力”在這當中給了他最好的素材和工具。最終,玩弄這種“後杜尚“的把戲,可以 “解構這些文本,並對時間和空間重新編碼,使之互相重新定義並不斷積澱延伸。當這些不同語境下獨立而互不相關的元素互相交叉和碰撞時,最後膨脹成一個整體的碎片,最終陷入語言的間隙並迷失在無窮無盡的意義傳遞之中。當所有翻譯都變成政治宣言,中西方情歌在新的語境中完全失去其原來的含義,就像我們這個荒謬時代的詩歌。”[1] 小鵬的所有作品,都是在為這個可以把“遠東Far East”變成“法·伊斯特”,把“遠西 Far West”變成“法·威斯特”的所謂後殖民、全球化和人工智能的“荒謬時代”製造更多的“荒謬”,以便讓造成這種萬劫不覆的“當代烏托邦”的我們落入更深的淵潭。在此深淵,畏懼害怕已經失去意義,唯有“兄弟爬山,各自努力”[2]。所以他在給正在策劃中的柏林展覽計劃尋找題目時,想到了“畏無所畏”[3]。相信昨晚他無意之中敲叩了天堂之門時,真是畏無所畏的。

2020年10月7日下午4時,羅馬

[1] 黃小鵬,敲叩天門(弗·羅姆·法·伊斯特·圖· 法·威斯特),“影像三角誌, 珠江三角洲的錄像藝術 (The D-Tale, Video Art from the Pearl River Delta)”,主編:侯瀚如,希蓓,時代藝術中心 Times Art Center, Berlin,柏林,Sternberg Press, 2018  P. 245 (英文 p.244)

[2] 小鵬有口皆碑的創新性教學,不僅鼓勵後進勇於實踐,更讓他們自由面對這個荒謬的世界,用想像和創意去掙扎著生活。

[3] 小鵬與我最後(10月2日)的WeChat對話。他說:“這次項目的中文名字‘問你驚未’似乎表達不出Fear, No Fear的含義,‘畏無所畏’是不是更好?”


Huang Xiaopeng, K.O.H.D. (from far east to far west)  
2014–2016, video, 120’, video still, courtesy of the artist.
This work was shown at Times Art Center Berlin’s inaugural exhibition, The D-Tale: Video Art from the Pearl River Delta, curated by Hou Hanru and Xi Bei.

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MASKS BY TAILOR LÊ

Sep 25, 2020

TIMES ART CENTER BERLIN x ABOUT A WORKER

Times Art Center Berlin is excited to present the outcome of a new collaboration: Masks by Tailor Lê. These individually designed masks, made by tailor Lê and his co-workers in Berlin, reflect a unique dialogue between the German-Vietnamese tailor and Chinese-French artist Kim Hou. For her project ABOUT A WORKER, Hou worked remotely, during the coronavirus pandemic, with Times Art Center Berlin and tailor Lê to create three hundred handmade face masks. 

Masks by Tailor Lê highlights the presence of the German-Vietnamese community to Berlin’s social fabric. With a long history of multiple waves of migration to both East and West Germany in the period after the Vietnam War, Vietnamese immigrants—a high percentage of which are self-employed and self-made business owners—have significantly contributed to the city’s creative energy and independent entrepreneurial culture. Based on the idea of giving artistic agency to workers and craftsmen, the joint project between Hou and tailor Lê reflects Times Art Center Berlin’s effort to foster new collaborative and local models of creative production.

TAILOR LÊ

“I am not worried about the future. People always need tailoring.” 

Tailor Lê, born in Vietnam, arrived in Berlin in the last year of the GDR in 1988. Originally trained as an engineer in Vietnam, he has owned a restaurant and worked in the food sector and wholesale markets in Berlin for many years, before opening his successful tailor shop on Danziger Strasse six years ago. He learned the craft of tailoring early on in his life, as his mother was a seamstress.


ABOUT A WORKER

“COVID-19 keeps exposing the weaknesses of our globalised system. In a time, when our material needs are debatable, our global population should take this opportunity to meet and value the people willing to continue working for their territory(ies) and surrounding(s).’’ –Kim Hou

Founded in 2017 by Kim Hou (Creative Director) and Paul Boulenger, ABOUT A WORKER is a design studio giving manufacturing workers the ability to become designers. Through an introduction to creative expression, workers design products inspired by their vision of the industry and personal stories, using design as a universal language. ABOUT A WORKER’s creations question connect workers, designers, consumers in order to transform their context inclusively. Graduated in 2017 from the Design Academy of Eindhoven in the Netherlands, Kim Hou created ABOUT A WORKER as her graduation project: a platform to rethink the design industry of tomorrow. Through its complementarity with Kim’s artistic vision, Paul Boulenger has joined ABOUT A WORKER in 2017. Paul focuses on garment production methods by exploring current working conditions.


Kim Hou Introduces MASKS BY TAILOR LÊ

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Can the black woman’s theory become a theory of the Global South?

Jun 05, 2020

In response to Saidiya Hartman’s Venus in Two Acts, Huang Kun asks: “Can the black woman’s theory become a theory of the Global South, of the South of the South? Can she be translated into our language? Who are we?”

During special times like this, we demand peace, kindness, and racial justice for all. The text is now available in Times Museum’s online journal – South of the South.

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Reopening on May 30, 2020

May 28, 2020

Zhou Tao: Winter North Summer South, installation view, © Times Art Center Berlin

Times Art Center Berlin is pleased to reopen on May 30, 2020 with summer hours: Tuesdays through Saturdays, 12 PM – 7 PM. We have also extended Zhou Tao: Winter North Summer South until August 1, 2020. To ensure a safe and healthy environment, we kindly ask you to book your visit in advance:

www.timesartcenter.org/visit-us

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New Release: South of the South

May 26, 2020

Times Museum recently released the first issue of online journal South of the South. It provokes multifaceted reflection on the accelerated state of the Pearl River Delta—now re as the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area—as a scalable model of modernization in Asia and a test site of globalization in China, where circulation of labor, capital, bodies, rituals, objects, images, and ideas reveals invisible undercurrents of Southern geographies and visions.